A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is a corporation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education. The word university is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, roughly meaning "community of teachers and scholars."
House of Wisdom was a major intellectual center for four centuries in the Islamic world which was founded in 830 CE in Baghdad. It was destroyed in the sacking of the city following the Mongol Siege of Baghdad (1258). University of al-Qarawiyyin is the oldest existing, continually operating and the first degree awarding educational institution in the world. Founded in 859 CE by Fatima al-Fihri according to UNESCO and Guinness World Records and is sometimes referred to as the oldest university.
- Google eBook of Encyclopedia Britannica. Books.google.com. 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
- Al-Khalili, Jim (2011), The House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance, New York: Penguin Press, ISBN 9781594202797
- Oldest University
- Verger, Jacques: "Patterns", in: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. I: Universities in the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-521-54113-8, pp. 35–76 (35)